- EducationㆍConsulting > REACH
- What is REACH?
- REACH refers to ‘Chemical Registration, Evaluation and Authorization , meaning chemical substances manufactured or imported in the EU exceeding 1 ton per year (including polymers and products containing chemical substances) must be registered, evaluated and authorized according to their distribution channel and toxic properties. It came into force on June 1st, 2007.
- In the EU, chemical substances, manufactured or imported in excess of one ton per year, must be registered with required documentation by their manufacturer or importer. The European Chemical Agency and the EU must henceforth be notified of the presence of SVHCs in products, to determine the risk level for each substance. If the required ECHA will authorize or restrict the use of a substance, manufacturers or importers must find an alternative substance.
- REACH Regulations
- Substances or products subject to REACH
|Substances subject to Registration||Substances : exceeding 1 ton per year
Polymers : more than 11 ton of substances yearly including polymers.
(except substances already registered by the upper supplier)
Whole products : more than 1 ton of substances yearly intentionally discharged from whole products
(except substances already registered for the same purpose by the upper supplier or other registrants)
|Substances excluded from registration||· Medicines (Regulation (EC) No.726/2004)
· Food additives (Regulation (EC) No.178/2002)
· Spices (Commission Decision 1999/217/EC)
· Sampled additives (Regulation (EC) No.1831/2003)
· Animal nutritional supplements (Coucil Directive 82/471/EEC)
|Substances exempted from registration||· Annex IV
· Substances created from chemical reactions by environmental factors
· Substances created from chemical reactions occuring accidently during storage
· Substances created from chemical reactions occuring in final usage
· (ex: products from chemical reactions by antioxidants, fillers, dehydration)
· By-products that cannot be sold or imported solely
· Hydrate or hydrate ion which is a mixture of a previously registered substance and water
· Natural products (ex: ore, natural gas, carbon, crude oil)
· Basic substances reported for harm and hazard (ex: hydrogen, oxygen)
· PRORD substance used for R&D (Temporarily exempted substances)
- Our response to REACH’s great ripple effect
- The key concept of REACH is No data equals No market. This means that a company which does not fulfill REACH requirements will not be permitted to manufacture the specific substance within the EU or import/export it into the EU.
- REACH registration is to be carried out by each legal entity. As of December 2008, if substances or products including certain substances are not registered to the ECHA, import or manufacture of the substance will not be permitted. REACH, has a tremendous influence on product competitiveness in different countries, besides environmental issues. It also affects international trade deals. As environmental regulations diversify and intensify, the focus is shifting to finding cost effective ways to face these restrictions.
- REACH Time schedule
- REACH has a phase-in period that allows companies to put some Acts into force accordingly.
R50/53 : very toxic to aquatic organisms
SVHC : Substances of Very High Concem
SVHC : Substances of Very High Concem
- CMR(Carcinogenic, Mutagenic. Reproductive toxicity)
- Substances relevant to EU Directive 67/548/EEC Annex I “Instructions for classification, packing, labeling of hazardous materials
- R50/53(very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long term adverse effects in the environment)
- Substances relevant to EU’s Directive 67/548/EEC Annex I “Instructions for classification, packing, labeling of hazardous materials”
- SVHC(Substance of Very High Concern)
- Substances relevant to the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) definition
- ※Substances relevant to the SVHC (Substances of Very High Concern)
- CMR (Carcinogenic, Mutagenic, Reproductive toxicity) Category 1, 2- PBT (Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic) and vPvB (highly Persistent, highly Bioaccumulative)